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  • Tire Categories-40469太阳集团
  • Barometric pressure
  • Tire Selection
  • Wear Factor
  • Maintenance-www.2138iii.com-7237.com
  • Tire Life-澳门太阳集团
  • Have Tube Replacement
  • Tire Represents
  • Load, Speed Level

Tire Categories  

  • 1

    Classified by usage

    • Passenger car tyre (PC tyre)
    • Truck and bus tyre (TBR)
    • Off the road tyre (OTR)
    • Agricultural tyre
    • Industrial tyre
    • Hand-cart tyre, motorcycle tyre
    • Aircraft tyre
  • 2

    Classified by structure

    • Radial tire

      Tire cord and tire tread center line is close to 90 degree or 90 degree angle, like the earth's meridian. And the use of beam layer, in accordance with the requirements of high-speed and safe driving.

    • Bias tire

      Tire cord and tire tread center line is 30°-40° degree angle. The tire is for general use.

    • Belted bias tire

      The structure is the same as bias tire, but there is a belt of radial tire under tire tread.When contact with road surface,the belt will inhibit tyre tread peristalsis to extend the service life.

  • 3

    Classified by season

    • All season tire

      With the characteristics of both summer tires and snow tires, can be used in four Seasons. We usually use this all season tires.

    • Summer tire

      Generally use in spring, summer, and autumn, with excellent performance of high speed driving and stability, it is the most suitable tire for summer.

    • Snow tire

      As a tire use in the snow, it has deep block tread pattern, with good traction and braking ability, and good cold resistance of tread compound.

      Some snow tires inlaid with nails to enhance the vehicle anti-skidding on frozen road. If snow tire is used in summer,it will increase heating and cause an accident.

  • 4

    Classified by with or withour inner tube

    • Tubeless tire (TL)

      Tubeless tires are pneumatic tires that do not require a separate inner tube.

      Tubeless tires have continuous ribs molded integrally into the bead of the tire so that they are forced by the pressure of the air inside the tire to seal with the flanges of the metal rim of the wheel.

    • Tubed tire (TT)

      Tubed tire requires a separate inner tube and need air inflation before using.

Barometric pressure  

  • Air Pressure Is The Life Of A Tire

    The improper tire pressure has two situations as below

    Barometric pressure
  • Barometric pressure

    1Tire underinflated will caurse the following damages

    As shown in the graph, underinflation will shorten tire life. We should check the pressure first if the tire life is shorten.

    Accelerate tire wearing,especially for uneven wear of tire shoulder.

    The cord is cut off and separated from the rubber.

    Sidewall will burst.

    Fuel consumption increased.

    Cause tread chunking due to the effect of centrifugal force when high-speed drving(>100km/h).

  • 2Tire overinflated will cause damages as below

    Mechanical failure or other malfunction(rough driving will cause a similar malfunction).

    Cause sideslip.

    Tire cut off or blow-out.

    Accelerate center wear of tire tread.

    Barometric pressure

Air Inflation Notes

1.A new tire have expansion tendency at the certain initial use, which will cause tire volume increase and internal pressure decreases. Thus, new tires are suggested to have regular inspection at the initial 3000km.

2.Pay attention to air leakage. Change a new valve core if tire deflated, also if the valve cap lost please complement in time.

3.Generally, the air pressure of spare tire is lower than normal inflation pressure. So don't forget to check the pressure before using a spare tire.

4.When driving with dual tire(truck and bus), the pressure must be kept within the tolerance of the standard inflation pressure +/-0.5kg/cm2. We suggest to check the presure at least every 10 days.When a truck or passenger car is running at a high speed, the pressure must be kept within the tolerance +/-0.1kg/cm2 of the standard inflation pressure, the pressure difference of two dual tires should not higher than 0.2kg/cm2.

5.The max. pressure is 10kg/cm2 in winter, and 9.5kg/cm2 in summer.

Tire Selection  

The tires are like the shoes of a vehicle, what suits the vehicle is the best.
Choose a suitable tire accodrding to the using condition.

TBR tires use environment classification and coding guide

Code Road condition Working condition
H Straight highway, high grade highway, few corners, long distance Vehicle driving in a long time with little parking, mainly drive on highway
R Various pavements, national and regional roads, high grade highway, medium and long distance Medium-distance and long-distance national and regional roads, frequent acceleration and braking
M Mixed road conditions,high way and off-highway Short-distance,medium-distance transportation, and off road transport vehicles
U City Road, with frequently turn and brake Use within a certain area , with frequently park and start. Urban public transport, and urban traffic vehicle etc
P Mine transport Easy to cause damage by accident driving on non paving roads
S Mud , snow Easy to cause damage by accident driving on non paving roads
D Sand Easy to cause damage by accident driving on non paving roads

Codes of wheel position

Code A F D T
Wheel position All wheel position Guide wheel/ Steering wheel Driving wheel Trailer wheel

Pattern category and usage of otr tire and industrial tire

Vehicle Tread code Tread pattern Usage Max. Speed Max. one-way distance
CRoad roller tire C-1 Smooth tread Road roller 10km/h No limit
C-2 Transverse groove Road roller 10km/h No limit
EScraper and Heavy-duty dump truck tire E-1 Common bar Transport 65km/h 4km
E-2 Common traction Transport 65km/h 4km
E-3 Common block Transport 65km/h 4km
E-4 Deepen block Transport 65km/h 4km
E-7 Flotation type Transport 65km/h 4km
GGrader tire G-1 Common bar Transport 40km/h No limit
G-2 Common traction Transport 40km/h No limit
G-3 Common block Transport 40km/h No limit
G-4 Deepen block Transport 40km/h No limit
LLoader and bulldozer tire L-2 Common traction Loading and bulldozing 10km/h 75km
L-3 Common block Loading and bulldozing 10km/h 75km
L-4 Deepen block Loading and bulldozing 10km/h 75km
L-3S Common smooth tread Loading and bulldozing 10km/h 75km
L-4S Thickening smoothtread Loading and bulldozing 10km/h 75km
L-5S Ultra-thick smooth tread Loading and bulldozing 10km/h 75km
INDIndustrial vehicle tire IND -3 Common pattern ---- 30km/h No limit
IND -4 Deepen pattern ---- 30km/h No limit
IND -5 Super deepen pattern ---- 30km/h No limit

Wear Factor  

10 Factors Affecting Type Wear

1. Air pressure

Both tire air pressure too high or too low will affect the service life.

If the tire pressure is too low, will enlarge the radial deformation, metamorphosing the sidewall and cause tire temprature increased, then shorten the tire lifetime obviously.

If the tire pressure is too high, will increase the tire rigidity and reduce the deformation and contact area, increase the unit pressure of tread center and speed up the abrasion.

2. Loading

Insufficient loading capacity will easily break the carcass.

Overload will increase the stress of tire shoulder and intensify sidewall deformation, easy to cause heating up, then accelerat tire tread wearing.

3. Speed

All the tires produced by regular manufacturer should have marked speed level index. So tires should be worked within the highest driving speed corresponding to the specified velocity level index.

4. Road condition

Road condition

5. Environmental temperature

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Notes: The abrasion test is better to start in autumn and winter, that will make the tire work in winter at its initial wearing then comes to the harsh summer.

6. Tire temperature

Tire temperature

7. Cornering

Cornering

Continuous curved road will cause frequent brake around the corner, and increase the lateral pressure of the tire, then will speed up the tread wear.

8. Braking

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9. Vehicle condition

Nonparallel axles will cause one or more wheel positions tire wear out quickly.

The vehicle should be checked and corrected for the axle's proper alignment if it has suffered a traffic accident, bent axles, changed axles, and the parts loosen.

Vehicle condition

10. Driving habits

This factor is related to the driver. Fierce starting, suddenly turning, emergency braking, high speed driving on a bad road, frequently up and down the curb, scratches to the barrier while parking and so on. all that matters should lead to serious abrasion, then shorten the service life.

Maintenance  

Tire Maintenance-太阳城贵宾会
  • Properly pressure
  • Recommended loading(do not overload)
  • Use the match dual tire and change wheel position rationally
  • Accurate wheel alignment and vehicle regular inspection
  • Use the match wheel rims and choose the right tire
  • Good drving habits

Tire Preserving Notes

  • 1. The tire should be preserved in a dry warehouse, avoid direct sunlight, and no too much ventilation. interior temperature is better to keep in a range from -10℃ to +30℃, and relative humidity should be 50-80%.
  • 2. The location where preserve the tire should keep one meter from heat producer, do not put together with oil, flammables, sour, and alkali etc.
  • 3. Outer tire or a whole set tire should be vertically placed on the shelf, and change the fulcrum regularly for at least every three months.
  • 4. It is necessary to take a slight inflation and apply talcum powder on surface of the inner tube while preserving the cover and inner tube together.
  • 5. If the inner tube is stored separately, should hanging in a semi-circular frame with inflation, and often rotate the fulcrum to prevent deformation or wrinkle.
  • 6. Do not tear off the package and stay original storage for the well-pack tires.
  • 7. Storing the tires in batches by the production time or storage time, use the tires in way of first in first out.

Tire Life  

How To Prolong The Life Of Tires

  • 1. The tire structure and type in one axle should be the same
  • 2. The aging degree tires and the brands tires in one axle should be the same
  • 3. The air pressure in one axle should be the same
  • 4. The tread patterns in one axle should be the same
  • 5. The standard rim sizes in one axle should be the same
  • 6. The tire performance in one axle should be the same
  • 7. Periodic rotation of tyres will result in longer tyre life
  • 8. Pay attention to the tire abnormal wear
  • 9. Avoid tire ultimate overload
  • 10. Do not only front wheel use radial tires

Notes To Prolong Tire's Service Life

  • 1

    Regularly check the tire air pressure and tread surface if there is a trauma, delamination, bulge, object, inner tube ageing and damage, if any problem then should be solved without delay.

    If it appears irregular eccentric wear, you can interchange the tires to ensure an even wear.

  • 2

    Avoid the pollution of oil and chemicals, to prevent premature aging of the tire.

    Slow down on the poor road conditions and try to avoid high-speed driving for long-distance and emergency braking. A timely inspection is needed when there is abnormal vibration or noise.

  • 3

    When the tire wear to a certain extent but not damaged, it can be retread and continue to use if it up to the relevant technical standards after inspection.

Have Tube Replacement  

Replacement sizes of Tubed tire and Tubeless tire

Tubed tyre   Tubeless tyre
Bias tyre Radial tyre 90 Series 80 Series 75 Series 70 Series 65 Series 60 Series
7.00-16 7.00R16 8R17.5 / / / / /
7.50-16 7.50R16 8.5R17.5 / 215/75R17.5 / / /
8.25-16 8.25R16 9.5R17.5 / 235/75R17.5 245/70R19.5 / /
7.50-20 7.50R20 8R22.5 / / / / /
8.25-20 8.25R20 9R22.5 / / / / /
9.00-20 9.00R20 10R22.5 / / 255/70R22.5 / /
10.00-20 10.00R20 11R22.5 275/80R22.5 / 275/70R22.5
295/70R22.5
305/70R22.5
/ /
11.00-20 11.00R20 12R22.5 275/80R22.5 / 305/70R22.5
315/70R22.5
385/65R22.5 305/60R22.5
315/60R22.5
12.00-20 12.00R20 13R22.5 315/80R22.5 315/75R22.5 315/70R22.5 385/65R22.5
425/65R22.5
/

Tire Represents  

Tire Size
Tire Size

Tubed Type(TT)

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Tubeless Type(TL)

Tubed Type(TT)

Load, Speed Level  

Load index and Speed level of tyre

Tyre load index

Load index 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156
Weight(kg) 2800 2900 3000 3075 3150 3250 3350 3450 3550 3650 3750 3875 4000

Tyre speed level

Speed Level A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 B C D E F G J
Max. Speed(km/h) 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 50 60 65 70 80 90 100
Speed Level K L M N P Q R S T U H V W Y ZR
Max. Speed(km/h) 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 240 270 300 240 and above